Since the group name of the visas “Family Visas” suggests that you can bring any family member to the UK if you both meet the eligibility requirements, we get a lot of questions regarding what family members you can bring to the UK.
You can bring immediate family members to the UK on several different visas including Work Visas and Student Visas, however, in this article, we’ll look at Family Visas and how it may be possible to bring your brother or sister to join you in the UK permanently.
What Family Members Can I Bring to the UK with Family Visas?
Not every family member can join someone in the UK with a Family Visa, and within each visa category, there are a number of further restrictions. Firstly, the person in the UK must have the right to remain indefinitely in the UK in order to sponsor a family member to join them in the UK. Their legal status may include either:
- Being a British or Irish citizen
- Having permanent residency, known as settlement or indefinite leave to remain (ILR)
- Having protected status as a refugee or asylum seeker
If the family member in the UK meets one of these requirements, they may sponsor a Family Visa for an immediate family member. They cannot request the visa on their behalf, but they may support the visa with an invitation letter, financial statements or other necessary documents.
There are four types of Family Visa, including:
- Partner or Spouse Visa
- Parent Visa
- Child Dependent Visa
- Adult Dependant Relative Visa
Each of these visas also has restrictions, so not every partner, parent, child or adult relative can apply for a Family Visa; check the specifications before preparing your application.
There is also no sibling visa, so ordinarily you cannot bring your sister or brother to the UK permanently on a Family Visa. However, if they are an adult dependant relative, it may be possible for them to join an approved sponsor in the UK.
Who Qualifies as an Adult Dependant Relative?
The main criteria for being eligible for an Adult Dependant Relative Visa is that the family member requires long-term care due to an illness, disability or their age, that they cannot receive in their home country and can only be provided by their relative in the UK.
However, not just any family member can apply for the Adult Dependant Relative Visa, they must be either:
- A parent aged 18 years or over
- A grandparent
- A brother or sister aged 18 years or over
- A son or daughter aged 18 years or over
Therefore, you can bring your brother to the UK permanently if they have a long-term health problem for which only you can provide adequate care, so they must live with you in the UK.
Even if they meet these criteria, applicants can also be refused if they are deemed not suitable to come to the UK as a result of their character. This is assessed by the applicant’s previous criminal convictions, so if they have been convicted of a heinous crime and pose a threat to British society, they will have their application rejected on suitability grounds.
How to Apply for an Adult Dependant Relative Visa
All applications for Family Visas must be completed online by the applicant. They can receive help if they have a disability preventing them from completing the application or if they don’t have internet access.
Before starting the application, applicants should gather all of the necessary documents for their application. These include:
- A valid passport of the applicant and sponsor
- Proof of relationship between the applicant and sponsor
- Proof of suitable accommodation in the UK
- Proof of sufficient finances to cover care in the UK for at least 5 years (can be from the applicant or sponsor)
- Tuberculosis test results (if from any of the government’s listed countries)
- Details of any criminal history
- Details of any previous immigration applications made
- Certified translation of any supporting documents that are not in English or Welsh. This should include confirmation of the eligibility of the translator
- Photo page and any visa or entry stamps in previous passports
- Proof of the applicant’s disability or illness from a health professional that proves they cannot live independently
- Proof that the care needed is not available or affordable in the applicant’s home country
- Proof that the applicant will be adequately cared for and accommodated during their stay in the UK
- Any other supporting documents that UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI) has asked for
All of these supporting documents must be provided so the necessity of the applicant’s move to the UK can be demonstrated clearly for the success of the application. If any of the documents are missing, the Home Office will ask for more evidence which will elongate the application process. If anything is unclear, the applicant may be asked to attend an interview at their nearest British embassy.
How Much an Adult Dependant Relative Visa Costs
As most other Family Visas are given for 2 years and 9 months when first granted, they are considerably cheaper than the Adult Dependant Relative Visa, which is given for at least 5 years.
For most people, the Adult Dependant Relative Visa costs £3,250 if you’re applying from outside the UK, although since you cannot switch to an Adult Dependant Relative Visa from other visas, this is the most common fee. However, if your sponsor has protected status, usually as a refugee or for humanitarian reasons, it costs:
- £404 to apply from outside the UK, or
- £1,048 to apply from inside the UK
It’s unlikely you’ll need to pay the immigration health surcharge (IHS) as an adult dependant relative as this fee is only applicable for people applying to stay for more than 6 months temporarily in the UK. Most adult dependant relatives are granted indefinite leave to remain in the UK so would not have to pay the IHS. Moreover, if your sponsor has protected status in the UK, both they and their dependents are exempt from paying the IHS.
Do You Need to Extend an Adult Dependant Relative Visa?
If your application for an Adult Dependant Relative Visa is successful, you’ll receive a residence permit that grants you the right to live in the UK for as long as your sponsor. As most sponsors need to have citizenship or permanent residency in the UK to be a valid sponsor, that means adult dependant relatives will also be permitted to stay in the UK indefinitely.
If the sponsor has protected status in the UK, the adult dependant relative can stay for as long as their sponsor, and extend their Family Visa or apply to settle in the UK when their family member does. They may also be eligible for British citizenship after a number of years living in the UK.
There are some instances when your right to remain in the UK can be affected or withdrawn, however, these are usually extreme cases. For example, if the sponsor commits a heinous crime and is deemed a threat to UK society by the Home Office, they can be stripped of their citizenship or right to remain in the UK and deported. This would affect their adult dependant relative’s right to remain in the UK, although if it could be proven that the relative needs to stay in the UK for their wellbeing and care and could be looked after, they could make a case to the Home Office.
Similarly, if the adult dependent relative commits a serious or immigration crime, or fraud, they can have their right to remain in the UK withdrawn.
Need Visa Help?
Applying for UK visas is no easy feat, especially if you or your relative has a mental or physical disability that makes it harder for them to use the UK’s online application services. Fortunately, the expert team at Synergy Immigration Solutions is on hand to help with each visa application, for Work Visas, Family Visas, gaining Sponsorship and much more.
If you need help with your UK visa application, contact us today to find out how we can help you.